A family history of cryptorchidism , midline defects or hypogonadism is important. Couples should also ask and be told about how the "Normal" ranges for the individual laboratory were established. The pH of semen has not been generally found to have a major influence on a man's fertility potential. This process may be approximated in the laboratory by exposing the sperm being tested to the dissected zona pellucida of human eggs obtained from non-fertilized human eggs. If a semen analysis does need to be repeated, it is usual to wait for three months.
Semen Analysis and Test Results
Second, the semen must be delivered to the testing facility within 30 to 60 minutes of leaving the body. An acidic pH of semen with azoospermia and reduced semen volume is an indicator for obstruction of the ejaculatory ducts or malformations of the seminal tract e. The motility of sperm is best assessed immediately after liquefaction of the semen. Sperm movement, or motility , is important to fertility because sperm must travel to fertilize an egg. Excessively high sperm concentration Oligozoospermia: The National Infertility Association. Normally done in specialised laboratories using methods approved by the World Health Organization.
Low Sperm Count or Abnormal Semen Analysis? Now What? — PriyaRing
It should not be left at room temperature for an extended period of time and should not be refrigerated. A number of different elements are tested and recorded in a semen analysis report. For example, if the sperm count is very low or very high, a man may be less fertile. Men with poor DFI should have a male factor evaluation including a physical examination by a male reproductive specialist. If this does not occur, then it may impede sperm movement. A semen sample is required which can be created by masturbating into a sterile cup, or by collecting semen using a special condom during intercourse.